Lake Tahoe Wolf Rescue
Puppies - Mother's milk is the best food there is, so use these recipes as a last resort.
Sometimes a female cannot or will not nurse all her young adequately, or dies. In such cases you can keep the
babies alive with a formula designed to mimic the mother's milk as closely as possible. A dog's natural milk is
33.2 % protein, 44.1% fat, 15.8% carbohydrate, and 6.9% ash. This mixture contains 33% protein, 43% fat, 21% carbohydrates and 3% ash. You can buy commercial products but if you want to
give the babies the benefits of raw fresh foods, use the formulas that follow. More details can be gained by
obtaining the books Dr. Pitcairn's Complete Guide to Natural Health for Dogs and
Cats, or The Complete Herbal Handbook for the Dog and Cat by
Juliette de Bairacli Levy both of which have been consulted for these
excerpts. Always consult with your veterinarian to be sure you are on the right track. There are also
some very good canine puppy formulas found at quality pet food stores, that can be substituted or used along
with the following formulas.
Make sure you feed each puppy separately, from his
own bowl. This prevents fighting which leads to food aggression and "resource protection," as well as feeding
anxiety with the shyer ones. It also ensures each puppy gets sufficient nutrition.
Scroll down to the corresponding age of your
puppy. The infomation on diarrhea and constipation applies to all puppies.
Puppies up to 6 weeks old:
1. 3/4 cup half-and-half (milk and cream)
2. 1 cup whole milk (goat milk preferred)
3. 2 large eggs
4. 1/2 tablespoon protein powder (buy an unflavored powder that contains at least
80 percent protein (dry weight basis) and lists its proteins from animal sources: casein, lactalbumin, and egg
albumin. Unlike soy proteins, animal protein powders will meet the special amino acid requirements. Check out
health food stores.) Avoid high sugar content.
5. 1/2 teaspoon of Bone Meal [about 700 mg. calcium with about 350
mg. Phosphorus). Do not use bone meal from oyster shells.
6. 1-2 days' worth of dog vitamins (adult dosage) powdered or crushed.
Mix ingredients well and warm to body temperature. Using a pet nurser or doll's
bottle, feed enough to slightly enlarge the abdomen but not distend it.
Schedule: 0-2 weeks old - every 2 hours (approx. 2-4 tablespoons)
3 weeks old - every 3 hours (approx. 4-6 tablespoons)
4-5 weeks old - every 4 hours (approx. 6-10 tablespoons)
6 weeks old - 3 times a day (approx. 8-12 tablespoons)
After each feeding: Gently massage the puppy's belly to stimulate a bowel movement and
swab the genital and anal areas with a tissue moistened slightly with warm water. Mama normally licks the same
areas to stimulate proper urination and defecation.
Important - After 2 weeks of age, you can begin to add a high protein dry cereal, such as
baby cereal or rolled oats [not toasted] to the formula, or a little bit of finely ground up raw liver or
kidney; wean them from the bottle at 4-5 weeks of age. A great "Super Health Puppy Food" can be
made by adding a half cupful of powdered barley flakes (not pearl barley)...grind the barley flakes through
a hand-mill or coffee grinder to make a powder. Add a heaping teaspoon of powdered slippery (red) elm bark. (This is a dark or beige powder, very
aromatic). Add one teaspoon powdered almonds and one-half teaspoon crushed anise seeds. If flaked barley is
not available, use flaked oats (not toasted). Mix well, make into a paste with a heaping teaspoon of honey.
Then add an approximate teaspoon of warm water (not too hot to kill the life in the honey). Finally,
stir in slowly one cupful of warm goat's milk or raw milk. This should be two of the meals the puppy gets a
day. When adding the raw meat to the puppy's meals, ration for the first meal should be approximately one
teaspoon, twice a day. This should be increased every three days, until, at eight weeks of age, the puppy
(average sized breed) is having two tablespoons of finely shredded meat twice per day. Do not mince the
meat as they will tend to swallow whole rather than chew off pieces.
The biggest challenge to health in young puppies is diarrhea that results from inappropriate
formulas or over feeding. Be especially cautious about giving too much milk formula until you gain some
experience (pasteurized cow's milk should not be used). If diarrhea does develop, stop feeding the
formula until it stops and instead give electrolyte fluid, such as Rebound, or Smart Water, to replenish lost
fluid. You can also prepare a Chamomile Tea and let it steep for 15 minutes. Add 1/2 teaspoon of Sea Salt for
each pint of liquid. Let cool. Give a "dose" (a couple of minutes of nursing from the bottle) three times
a day. In between you can give the electrolyte solution. Make sure the tea is not to hot, but tepid.
The other major problem is constipation. This can be a result of not enough formula, or perhaps
inadequate stimulation to produce a bowel movement after nursing (which is your job!). Puppies suffering from
constipation will have rounded bellies (like they are full), but become listless. (Such behavior, or if a puppy
crawls away from its nest and feels cold to the touch, is a sign of illness.) The easiest thing to do is give an
enema with warm water, but consult your veterinarian before attempting this for the proper instructions. If this is
not sufficient, the Homeopathic remedy Nux vomica 6C or 30C given once will usually suffice. With such little
mouths, it is easiest administered by dissolving one pellet in some pure water and dripping a few drops into the
Puppies from Weaning [4 weeks] to Four Months
For average breed puppy. For big breeds and toy breeds, increase or
decrease accordingly. It is impossible to give exact quantities as all puppies differ in appetite capacity. No
puppy should be given anything other than the dam's milk before four weeks of age [unless the mother refuses to
nurse] to ensure all the proper nutrients and antibodies from the mother's immune
system. Never give hot food or refrigerated cold food. Tepid is natural. Hot food damages
the stomach and intestines and can cause cancer. Always provide plenty of fresh drinking water day and night.
Do not heat food in plastic dishes as toxic chemicals called dioxins are formed. It's best to avoid plastic
dishes altogether, even for water, as the dioxins leach out into the water.
The following recipe is for puppies who were nursed by their dam until at least 4 weeks of age:
8 a.m. - Fluid meal of raw cow or goat milk [found in some health food stores], not dried or
canned or long-life milk [Homogenized/pastuerized] if possible. Strengthen this with honey, a little cooked oatmeal
and cabbage water.*
12 noon - Whole-grain flaked barley, or flaked wheat, or flaked rye, or rolled
oats, or a combination of these flaked grains. I obtain mine from Winco where the combination is found in bulk
form. Barley flakes are the most digestible of the cereals and should be used for weaning if available. Soak
overnight in cabbage water* [best] - or - cook just before feeding. Add a few finely chopped, softened
dried cranberries, a teaspoonful of desiccated coconut. You can also soak the flakes in buttermilk. A perfect
cereal for growing puppies is two parts barley flakes to one part oat flakes [such as sold in packets for porridge
making], soaked in fresh cold milk. Use one large handful of flaked cereal. [When ready to serve, be sure to warm
in a microwave for about 20-30 seconds. Test temperature, it should be tepid, or room temperature, not hot.]
With this meal, two or three slices of stale whole-wheat bread should be given for munching. Use only chemical-free
or organic breads and cereals. Finely grated apple is a healthful food, it should be mixed in with the cereals and
milk. Add a teaspoon of oil. This is especially needed for long-coat breeds, but all breeds need some oil. The best
and safest oils are sesame, corn or sunflower.
4 p.m. Meat: approximately two ounces raw, shredded not sliced or chopped - cow, mutton
or chicken [always try to get organic free range]. The large, soft mutton bones may be given to chew on [always
raw] but not eaten. Meat should never be minced, pups' powerful stomach muscles should be used for meat digestion;
after ten weeks of age, meat should be given in pieces about the size of a dime, increasing in size to pieces as
large as a walnut after four months. Raw, finely cut herrings sprinkled with flaked oats can be fed once or twice
weekly as a change from meat. Scald the fish well to soften it before cutting.